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Incidence of pulmonary edema

Incidence of reexpansion pulmonary edema in minimally

PE patients were more likely to present with pulmonary congestion, tachypnea, tachycardia, and elevated systolic blood pressure and less likely to have peripheral congestion and body weight increases. Mechanical ventilation was required in 8.8% of PE patients Pulmonary edema refers to the accumulation of excessive fluid in the alveolar walls and alveolar spaces of the lungs. It can be a life-threatening condition in some patients with high mortality and requires immediate assessment and management Lung issues, particularly swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE), occur regularly in these settings.1-5 SIPE is a serious medical condition often requiring treatment with oxygen or cessation of water training or exertion. In the recreational setting, it has been shown to have an incidence of 1.4% among competitiv Pulmonary edema is defined as an abnormal accumulation of extravascular fluid in the lung parenchyma. Two main types are cardiogenic and noncardiogenic pulmonary edema. This activity highlights the role of the interprofessional team in the diagnosis and treatment of this condition However, there was a significantly higher incidence of pulmonary edema in patients with cerebral edema, suggesting either a central origin for the pulmonary edema or common factors predisposing to edema in both sites. An additional local factor may have been the presence of intrapulmonary vasodilatation. Detailed isotope studies in 11 patients.

Incidence and pathophysiology of pulmonary edema in

This type of pulmonary edema in chronic obstruction is termed as type II negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE). The overall incidence of NPPE is less than 0.1% in all surgeries performed under general anesthesia[ 32 , 33 ] while the incidence of development of pulmonary edema in acute upper airway obstruction (type I NPPE) ranges from 9.6-12% and that in chronic airway obstruction (type II NPPE) is 44%.[ 34 The incidence of SIPE was overall 0.75% in women and 0.09% in men. The incidence increased with age, from 0.08% in the youngest age group (18-30 years) to 1.1% in the oldest age group (≥61 years) Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema is a disease process that results in acute hypoxia secondary to a rapid deterioration in respiratory status. The disease process has multiple etiologies, all of which require prompt recognition and intervention. This activity describes the evaluation and management of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and highlights. capillary damage and subsequent pulmonary edema, is assumed to be the predominant mechanism 8-11. SIPE is considered fairly uncommon, but the true incidence is virtually unknown 12,13. In previous studies on SIPE incidence, the study populations are often small and highly selected, including younger individuals, military trainees or triathletes an

Incidence of Pulmonary Edema after Tracheotomy for

Incidence and Impact of Swimming-Induced Pulmonary Edema

Epidemiology, pathophysiology, and in-hospital management of pulmonary edema: Data from the Romanian Acute Heart Failure Syndromes registry Ovidiu Chioncel * , Andrew P. Ambrosy, Serban Bubenek, Daniela Filipescu, Dragos Vinereanu, Antoniu Petris, Ruxandra Christodorescu, Cezar Macarie, Mihai Gheorghiade, Sean P. Collin The incidence of developing Type I NPPE associated with acute postoperative upper airway obstruction is 9.6-12%, whereas the incidence of developing Type II NPPE is 44%. In adults about 50% of NPPE occurrences are due to postoperative laryngospasm. Table 1 Causes of negative pressure pulmonary edema Universität Heidelberg. Deepika et al. indicate the incidence of negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) with 0.1%. They studied over 30000 patients receiving anesthesia. Tami et al. analyzed. Background: High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is caused by exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction associated with decreased bioavailability of nitric oxide in the lungs and by impaired reabsorption of alveolar fluid

Published by Elsevier Inc under license from the American College of Chest Physicians. 1 Incidence of swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) †a cohort study based on 47 600 open water swimming distances Short title: Incidence of Swimming-Induced Pulmonary Edema Maria Hårdstedt 1,2,3 (MD, PhD), Linda Kristiansson 2,4,5 (MD), Claudia. Epidemiology Pulmonary edema occurs in about 1% to 2% of the general population. Between the ages of 40 and 75 years, males are affected more than females. After the age of 75 years, males and females are affected equally. The incidence of pulmonary edema increases with age and may affect about 10% of the population over the age of 75 years The reported incidence of unilateral pulmonary edema (UPE) after MICs fluctuates between 2.1% and 25%.5, 6, 7 The etiology of UPE is unclear; the authors previously have discussed pre-existing potential lung injury, disruption of the alveolar-capillary membrane, ischemia-reperfusion-mediated damage after lung reinflation, and the use of one.

Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema occurs as a result of fluid accumula-tion in the alveoli resulting from a disruption in Starling's forces sec-ondary to increased capillary perme-ability. The most common cause of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema is acute lung injury (ALI) or acute res-piratory distress syndrome (ARDS) associated with increased pulmonary Purpose: We sought to measure the incidence of pulmonary edema among patients receiving large-volume, ice-cold saline during initial resuscitation efforts and to assess the impact of this condition on immediate outcomes. Methods: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest data was analyzed for the following periods: August 1, 2009 - May 31, 2010. Pulmonary edema is a potentially life-threatening complication of acute airway obstruction. It develops rapidly, without warning, in persons who are otherwise well. Two forms of postobstructive.

The incidence is as high as 1 in 1000 cases of general anesthesia (0.094%).6 In their case series, Koh and colleagues described post-obstructive pulmonary edema occurring in the intensive care unit as an uncommon and life-threatening condition that is likely underdiagnosed.7 The overall incidence of postobstructive pulmonary edema has not been. Epidemiology0 Pulmonary edema occurs in about 1% to 2% of the generalpopulation.0 Between the ages of 40 and 75 years, males are affectedmore than females.0 After the age of 75 years, males and females are affectedequally.0 The incidence of pulmonary edema increases with age andmay affect about 10% of the population over the age of 75years. 6 Pulmonary edema can be divided into four main categories on the basis of pathophysiology: (a) increased hydrostatic pressure edema, (b) permeability edema with diffuse alveolar damage (DAD), (c) permeability edema without DAD, and (d) mixed edema due to simultaneous increased hydrostatic pressure and permeability changes (, 3 4). This.

Incidence of negative-pressure pulmonary edema following

Epidemiology, pathophysiology, and in-hospital management

Cardiogenic Pulmonary Edema - StatPearls - NCBI Bookshel

THE PATHOGENESIS OF ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA ASSOCIATED WITH HYPERTENSION N Engl J Med, Vol. 344, No. 1 · January 4, 2001 · www.nejm.org · 19 were 14 men and 24 women whose mean age wa The incidence of high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) ranges from an estimated 0.01% to 15.5%. In Colorado, the incidence of HAPE is 1 per 10,000 skiers and up to 1 per 100 climbers at more than 4,270 m (14,010 ft). The risk of HAPE rises with increased altitude and faster ascent Respiratory complaints like swimming induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) are a common feature of United States Navy Special Warfare (NSW) training. We designe The high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is the leading cause of death from high altitude sickness. At moderate altitude (2500-4500m) the incidence (0.2-6%) may be underestimated because only clinical HAPE leads to symptoms and motivates the patient to seek medical advice High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a life-threatening form of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs) that occurs in otherwise healthy people at altitudes typically above 2,500 meters (8,200 ft). However, cases have also been reported between 1,500-2,500 metres or 4,900-8,200 feet in more vulnerable subjects

Neurogenic Pulmonary Edema and ARDS. Pulmonary complications are frequent after SAH. In one retrospective study (n = 620), the incidence of acute lung injury, defined as a PaO 2-to-FiO 2 ratio <300, was 27% . The incidence of pulmonary edema (PE), however, is much more variable in the literature, from 8 to 23% [59, 60, 62, 65] Epidemiology, pathophysiology, and in-hospital management of pulmonary edema: data from the Romanian Acute Heart Failure Syndromes registry. J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown). 2016 Feb. 17(2):92-104. [Medline]. [emedicine.medscape.com] The current literature regarding its epidemiology is sparse Pulmonary edema is acute, severe left ventricular failure with pulmonary venous hypertension and alveolar flooding. Findings are severe dyspnea, diaphoresis, wheezing, and sometimes blood-tinged frothy sputum. Diagnosis is clinical and by chest x-ray. Treatment is with oxygen, IV nitrates, diuretics, and sometimes morphine and, in patients with. TZD-induced pulmonary edema and heart failure are of growing concern, since the incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes continues to increase worldwide and TZDs gain acceptance as guideline-recommended first-line therapy following diet and lifestyle changes in patients with diabetes. 51 Landmark, randomized trials are also reporting an.

PBM strategies are derived from randomized control trial data that support the safety of restrictive transfusion practice in both medical and surgical populations. 106-109 A meta-analysis of clinical trials suggested that restrictive transfusion resulted in a lower incidence of posttransfusion pulmonary edema compared with liberal transfusion. Sartori et al. (2002) assessed the effects of prophylactic inhalation of the beta-adrenergic agonist salmeterol on the incidence of pulmonary edema during exposure to high altitudes in 37 subjects who were susceptible to high altitude pulmonary edema. They also measured the nasal transepithelial potential difference, a marker of the. Acute pulmonary oedema Management in general practice Acute heart failure (AHF) is a clinical syndrome characterised by the rapid onset and progression of the incidence of APo, but it is estimated that most patients with chF will have at least one episode of AdhF or APo.1 Prognosi Introduction:Cardiovascular diseases are one of the leading causes of death in the world their treatment is based on surgery, medication and installation of healthy habits. Among the treatments, the surgical one is the most complex and it has been increasing exponentially over the years, although its relevance has a significant mortality rate and an incidence of various complications

Well, let's take a look at the literature. One early study on the use of BPAP in cardiogenic pulmonary edema found that there was an increase in the incidence of myocardial infarction within the group randomized to BPAP. These results presented a reason to use CPAP instead of BPAP. And, a Cochrane review of BPAP versus standard therapy did. This suggests that the cause of the pulmonary edema may be a primary effect of opioids rather than a response to naloxone or the associated opioid withdrawal response.[8,9] If this is the case, then the increased efficiency of emergency medical services in providing naloxone in the field may have reduced the incidence of heroin-related NCPE.

  1. e surge causing shifts in blood volume from the systemic or high- pressure bed to the pulmonary or lower pressure bed, which increases permeability and subsequently, pulmonary edema [1-3]
  2. of morphine and Lasix is useful for reduction of pulmonary edema after PDA surgery. Further studies are needed to find the better management method. [A. Ebadi. The Comparing the Incidence of Pulmonary Edema in Anesthesia (with or without use of morphine and lasix) in Children Undergoing PDA Surgery. Life Sci J 2012;9(3):867-870]
  3. However, the duration of exposure to 4559 m may not have been long enough to develop HAPE. www.annals.org 3 October 2006 Annals of Internal Medicine Volume 145 • Number 7 499 Article Prevention of High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema Table 2. Incidence of High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema and Acute Mountain Sickness* Variable Placebo Tadalafil.

Post-extubation negative pressure pulmonary edema (NPPE) is an uncommon but important anesthesia-related emergency presenting with acute respiratory distress and hypoxemia after removal of airway devices. This study investigated the incidence and associated risk factors for post-extubation NPPE during emergence. This retrospective, matched case-control study was conducted by reviewing the post. Chioncel O, Ambrosy AP, Bubenek S, et al. Epidemiology, pathophysiology, and in-hospital management of pulmonary edema: data from the Romanian Acute Heart Failure Syndromes registry. J Cardiovasc. Reexpansion pulmonary edema (REPE) is known as a rare and fatal complication after tube thoracostomy. We investigated the risk factors for the development of REPE in patients with spontaneous pneumothorax. We selected patients who were diagnosed with spontaneous pneumothorax and were initially treated with tube thoracostomy between August 1, 2003 and December 31, 2011 Early detection of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection is integral to the clinical management of these patients. Many recently published studies have evaluated incidence of PE in hospitalized patients with COVID-19; 1 - 9 however, there are relatively limited data describing patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection and. Pregnancy-associated pulmonary embolism remains the leading cause of direct maternal mortality globally. We will present a case of a young lady who was one month post-delivery via normal vaginal delivery. She presented with pulmonary edema and her clinical examination was consistent with severe mitral stenosis

Pathophysiology of edema in patients with chronic venousCommon diagnosis at an unusual age - pulmonary oedema in a

Pulmonary Edema Article - StatPearl

We conclude that the incidence of pulmonary edema in patients with severe preeclampsia who are treated with labetalol appears to be a result of an increase in third space fluid accumulation as a manifestation of the severity of their disease, not a direct effect of the drug on cardiac performance The incidence of postopera-tive pulmonary edema was 47%. Of these 16 patients, 3 patients had pulmonary edema immediately after surgery that persisted until the second postoperative radiograph, 3 patients had pulmonary edema immedi-ately after surgery that resolved before the final radio-graph, and 10 patients had pulmonary edema at 2

Effectiveness of chest radiography, lung ultrasound andHigh Altitude Pulmonary Hypertension: Effects of Altitude

Acute pulmonary edema appeared 3 or more days after the onset of acute pancreatitis in 7 patients, an approximate incidence of 8%. The severity of pancreatitis in these patients was characterized by massive requirements for intravenous colloid and by marked hypocalcemia. In addition, at least 5 of the 7 patients had very high serum levels of triglycerides at the time of hospital admission Coghlan JG, Wolf M, Distler O, et al. Incidence of pulmonary hypertension and determining factors in patients with systemic sclerosis. Eur Respir J. 2018;51(4):1701197. doi: 10.1183/13993003.01197. Background and objectives: Mortality in patients who are on maintenance hemodialysis and have congestive heart failure is high in small cohort studies. The aim of this study was to determine long-term survival in a large cohort of dialysis patients with congestive heart failure and suspected fluid overload or pulmonary edema. Design, setting, participants, & measurements: Data were analyzed.

Video: Diagnosis, Prevention and Management of Postoperative

Incidence of swimming-induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) - a

Given the present opioid epidemic, clinicians in the critical care units are likely to witness an increase in the incidence of pulmonary edema secondary to opioid overdose. 20. High-altitude pulmonary edema. High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) generally occurs above 2,500 m (8,000 ft) and is uncommon below 3,000 m (10,000 ft) The incidence of pulmonary edema was not dose-dependent, and was approx. 70% by the administration of 60 to 260 μg/ml of epinephrine solutions. In general, the edema was more severe in the fed group than in the fasted. The highest dose of epinephrine was often fatal in the fasted group. One hundred μg/ml (approx. 10 μg/kg/ min), fed was. Respiratory complaints like swimming induced pulmonary edema (SIPE) are a common feature of United States Navy Special Warfare (NSW) training. We designed a study to evaluate the incidence and clinical features of SIPE seen in this population.We designed a prospective, observational review of all NSW candidates over a 15 month period

Pulmonary Edema Fluid Protein Con-centration. The pulmonary edema fluid to plasma protein concentration ratio has been considered a sensitive and specific test of pulmonary vascular barrier integ-rity (20). A small catheter is inserted blindly into a distal airways, and alveolar fluid is sampled by gentle suction. A rati Immersion pulmonary edema (IPE) is a very uncommon condition first reported in 1989. First described in diving in cold water, it was originally coined cold-induced pulmonary edema. However, it has now been reported in warm water diving as well. The condition presents as a combination of shortness of breath, cough, and frothy sputum A new retrospective study by Wilson and colleagues evaluated the incidence of ICU admission and hospital LOS in acute pulmonary edema patients who received intermittent high-dose NTG bolus vs. standard NTG infusion vs. bolus + infusion. [3] This was actually a follow-up to their previously published study. [2] What They Di

Noncardiogenic Pulmonary Edema Articl

BACKGROUND: Patients with COPD are at a high risk for pulmonary embolism (PE) because of systemic inflammation and co-existing comorbidities. We aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors, and impact of PE during COPD exacerbation requiring mechanical ventilation. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted between March 2013 and May 2017 Pulmonary edema is a critical complication after SAH that significantly increases the risk of morbidity and death. 7 Recent studies indicated that 10%-29% of patients with SAH develop pulmonary edema. 7,11,24 Moreover, Horie et al. 28 reported that surgical clipping can increase the incidence of pulmonary edema during the vasospasm period pulmonary edema , epithelial active Na + transport , high-altitude pulmonary edema , respiratory distress syndrome , acute respiratory distress syndrome Search for Similar Articles You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search Congestive heart failure (CHF) with acute pulmonary edema (APE) is associated with significant mortality and high consumption of intensive care services in the hospital. The incidence of CPAP use was tabulated, as well as the incidence of advanced airway management. Finally, the incidence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was assessed in. DRG 189: PULMONARY EDEMA AND RESPIRATORY FAILURE - MARKET SIZE, PREVALENCE, INCIDENCE, QUALITY OUTCOMES, TOP HOSPITALS & PHYSICIANS. Want to know more about Dexur's Capabilities? Get In Touch. Jan 2013 to Dec 2017 | Jan 2017 to Dec 2017. Table of Content

Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema

High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) Aside from medical conditions, hikers and mountain climbers are at risk for pulmonary edema that's caused by rapid altitude ascent, generally above 8,000 feet. HAPE may lead to shortness of breath, coughing, rapid heartbeat, and decreased oxygen levels as a result of pressure from constricted pulmonary. Both tadalafil and dexamethasone may reduce the incidence of high-altitude pulmonary edema: A randomized trial. Ann Intern Med . 2006;145(7):497-506. Pennardt A. High-altitude pulmonary edema: diagnosis, prevention, and treatment Pulmonary edema was associated with a mean increase of 4.5 days (95% CI, 1.4-7.5 days; P <.001) in length of hospital stay, a >4-fold increase in 6-month mortality (odds ratio, 4.3; 95% CI, 1.28-14.36; P =.031), and a 1.5-fold increased risk for death or lung transplant (hazard ratio, 1.54; 95% CI, 0.97-2.36; P =.06). Limitations of this study included the inability to calculate the true. ‎Show CHEST Journal Podcasts, Ep Incidence and Impact of Swimming-Induced Pulmonary Edema on Navy SEAL Candidates - May 5, 2021 ‎CHEST May 2021, Volume 159, Issue 5 Charles Volk, MD, LCDR, MC, USN, and Peter Wilmshurst, MBChB, BSc, join CHEST Podcast Moderator, Dominique Pepper, MD, to discuss respiratory complications such as swimming.

Spinal Cord Injuries

Incidence of high altitude pulmonary edema in low-landers

Pulmonary edema is a clinical term that refers to the abnormal buildup of fluids within the lung tissues that causes physiological disturbances to the patient. Patients usually present with severe left sided heart failure with pulmonary hypertension and alveolar flooding in the lungs. Pulmonary Edema (Pulmonary Oedema): Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Complications, Causes. A Case of Acute Pulmonary Edema from Severe Aortic Stenosis Neil Patel, M.D. Case Report A 70 year-old male with a history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia was brought to the Emergency Department by ambulance from home in significant respiratory distress. The patient was only able to communicate in 3-4 word sentences between breath

Incidence of high altitude pulmonary edema in low-landers during re-exposure to high altitude after a sojourn in the plain Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema (PPE/PPO) is a subtype of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema. As the name suggests it occurs after a pneumonectomy. It carries a high mortality rate. Epidemiology Associations Postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema is.. J810 - ICD 10 Diagnosis Code - Acute pulmonary edema - Market Size, Prevalence, Incidence, Quality Outcomes, Top Hospitals & Physician

Webpathology

The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and determining factors in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and a diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide ( D LCO) <60% predicted. In this bicentric, prospective cohort study, patients with SSc were clinically assessed at baseline and after 3 years, including right heart catheterisation (RHC) Prophylactic Administration of Curcumin Abates the Incidence of Hypobaric Hypoxia Induced Pulmonary Edema in Rats: A Molecular Approach Abstract. Sarada SK Sagi, Titto Mathew and Himadri Patir Background and purpose: High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE) is a severe high altitude illness with serious pulmonary manifestations. The present study. Pulmonary edema occurring during pregnancy or in the postpartum period has a reported incidence of 0.08%. 2 Despite the low incidence of the disease, it is associated with a disproportionate amount of morbidity and mortality. 4 The period of pregnancy at greatest risk for presentation appears to be the immediate postpartum. In the largest case series available from a high-volume tertiary care. The largest study of postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema was by Turnage and Lunn.7In a retrospective survey of 806 pneumonectomies published in 1993 (from the same institution as Fernández-Pérez et al. ), they found 21 cases (2.5%) of postpneumonectomy pulmonary edema, one of the lowest incidences reported of this complication. They found no differences in any measure of perioperative fluid.

Radiological Incidence of Unilateral Pulmonary Edema After

Pulmonary edema is an often startling, largely ignored, although well-recognized consequence of heroin overdose. Lung congestion may occur acutely and contribute directly to the patient's death, 1 or it may appear as long as 24 hours after the actual overdose. The true incidence of pulmonary edema due to overdose of heroin is unknown Exclusion criteria were as follows: (1) patients without a multiplex PCR test performed within 24 hour of hospitalization and (2) patients admitted with bronchial asthma or dyspnea of other origin (heart failure, pulmonary edema, or pulmonary embolism). The primary outcome was the prevalence of respiratory viral infection in AECOPD High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) is a potentially lethal condition characterized by fluid accumulation in the lungs, resulting from acute exposure to high-altitude hypoxia. HAPE is a severe manifestation of high-altitude illness. This diagnostic category also includes the more common acute mountain sickness (AMS) and the more rare high.

Negative pressure pulmonary edema revisited

Re-expansion pulmonary edema (REPE) is an uncommon complication that occurs in patients suffering from lung collapse, especially in cases of extensive and long-term pneumothorax or pleural effusion. After thoracentesis or thoracic tube drainage is carried out, the collapsed lungs can be re-expanded and acute lung edema occurs in unilateral or. The mechanism for developing non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema (NCPE) in the context of opiate or opioid induced hypoxia requiring reversal with naloxone (Narcan) is suggested to not only be multifactorial, but has not been fully worked out. Common cited explanations are provided Results Of the 18% (n=2338) of patients with peripheral edema on admission, 27% (n=631) developed AKI, compared with 16% (n=1713) of those without peripheral edema.In a model that included adjustment for comorbidities, severity of illness, and the presence of pulmonary edema, peripheral edema was associated with a 30% higher risk of AKI (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.15 to 1.46; P<0.001. Introduction Congestive heart failure (CHF) is an imbalance in pump function in which the heart fails to maintain the circulation of blood adequately. The most severe manifestation of CHF, pulmonary edema, develops when this imbalance causes an increase in lung fluid secondary to leakage from pulmonary capillaries into the interstitium and alveoli of the lung

pulmonary edema (HAPE) its incidence is 0.1 - 4%. It occurs at an altitude of above 2500meters with rapid accent without acclimitisation. W e present a case report of a 22 year old male who had gone for pilgrimage at high altitude with rapid accent to Pulmonary edema secondary to mixed or unknown mechanisms including high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE), neurogenic pulmonary edema, heroin or other overdoses, pulmonary embolism, eclampsia, postcardioversion, postanesthetic, postextubation, and post-cardiopulmonary bypass. Epidemiolog Vascular obstruction to pulmonary arterial flow, reflected by increased pulmonary vascular resistance, is an important parameter that defines POPH. Among patients with portal hypertension, reported incidence rates of POPH range from 2 to 9 percent. The predominant presenting symptom of POPH is dyspnea on exertion or at rest The incidence of TURP syndrome ranges from 0.78% to 1.4%. This syndrome is caused by excessive absorption of electrolyte-free and hypotonic washing solution. The fluids absorb into the circulation, which leads to heart failure, hyponatremia, and a decrease in serum osmolality. Peters S. Pulmonary edema and cardiac arrest complicating. Pulmonary edema constitutes the accumulation of fluid in the lungs. Etiology. In cases of pulmonary edema, a distinction has to be made between cardiogenic and non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema, whereby the 1st type does not involve lung disease but occurs much more frequently in the clinical routine Match. Gravity. Characteristics of ARDS. Click card to see definition . Tap card to see definition . pulmonary edema, refractory hypoxemia, diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, altered lung compliance. Click again to see term . Tap again to see term . Incidence of ARDS in U.S